Are you a mortgage prisoner?
First published 17 May 2016 • Updated 02 July 2019
The government has pledged to tackle the issue of ‘mortgage prisoners’ – people who are trapped in an expensive mortgage because of regulations that stop them getting a cheaper one. If you’re in this ridiculous position, help may be on the way. Article by Nick Green.
Imagine asking to buy a meal costing £6, and being told you couldn’t afford it – then being forced to buy a meal you don’t like, costing £8. It’s complete nonsense, yet it’s been happening to thousands of homeowners across the UK.
Stricter lending rules today require borrower to prove that they could afford repayments even if interest rates were to rise by three or four per cent. This means that many homeowners who took out their mortgages under previous, less stringent rules do not meet the current conditions for taking out a mortgage.
Why are the new lending rules a problem for some homeowners?
If you’re in this position, you’re probably stuck with your current mortgage. And this can cause you big problems. When you first take out a mortgage, it will probably be on a special deal – either a fixed rate or a tracker rate, so you pay less than the lender’s standard variable rate (SVR). But these deals only last a limited period of time – often as little as two years. Then you revert to your lender’s SVR.
Given that the average SVR is around 4.8 per cent, while the average two-year fixed rate is around 2.6 per cent, you could end up paying out nearly twice as much in interest per month. This translates to average monthly payments of £860 on a £150,000 mortgage, compared to just £677 on the fixed rate.
How can you improve your mortgage situation?
The government has said they will address this issue, since the new rules were intended to prevent irresponsible lending, rather than penalise people who already have mortgages. There are in fact already provisions in the rules to allow lenders to waive the affordability checks for existing customers, if they have a good payment history and do not wish to borrow any more money. Smaller lenders have been more willing to do this, but big lenders have been reluctant to do so.
It remains to be seen what impact the Chancellor’s intervention will have on this issue. In the meantime, you stand a better chance of remortgaging if you stay with the same lender, or if you are currently with one of the smaller lenders. A financial adviser or mortgage broker may also be able to help.
Reasons to remortgage
Assuming that you are able to remortgage, why would you want to? Here’s a recap of the top reasons:
- Your current deal is about to expire, which would push you onto the lender’s SVR
- You want to switch to a different kind of mortgage, such as a fixed, capped or tracker
- You need a more flexible mortgage, such as one that can let you miss payments or make excess payments (useful if your income fluctuates)
- Your home has risen significantly in value (so you could get a better mortgage deal)
- You want to borrow money against your property (but see below)
And some reasons not to remortgage
Remortgaging isn’t always the best option – and it certainly shouldn’t be approached lightly. Here are the times when you should think twice before acting:
- Your outstanding loan is small (e.g. £50,000 or below).
The switching fees are likely to wipe out any potential savings.
- You can borrow money more cheaply elsewhere.
Although it’s possible to borrow money against your property, it’s rarely the best solution. Consider: if you add £5,000 to a 25-year mortgage at 3 per cent, you’d pay as much in extra interest as if you’d borrowed that £5,000 over 5 years at a whopping 15 per cent. You can definitely find a better finance deal than that.
- Your current mortgage has a large early repayment fee.
If you didn’t plan ahead and are saddled with a big redemption charge, then it may cost you more to move. However, your current lender may let to change to another of its own deals at a reduced charge. Check to see if they offer anything better and see if it’s worth moving.
- You have a high loan-to-value ratio.
If your equity is low (say, if you’re on a 90 per cent mortgage) then you’ll struggle to get a better deal elsewhere.
- Your circumstances have changed.
Were you offered your current mortgage based on you and your partner having two steadier, higher paid jobs than you have now? If so, then consider sticking with what you’ve got – you probably won’t be offered a deal this good in your current situation.
How to remortgage
Your best option is always to talk to an independent mortgage adviser or an IFA who specialises in mortgages. They can assess your current deal, take your circumstances into account and find you the best deal from the whole of the market – potentially saving you thousands of pounds over the mortgage term. They can also alert you to any lock-ins or unfavourable aspects of the deal, so you don’t get caught out further down the line.
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