If you are an employer, then in most cases you must offer a workplace pension scheme. As well as being a legal requirement, a workplace pension is a valuable benefit for your staff and a great way to attract and retain the best people. Various options are available, ranging from the government's own NEST scheme to your own unique pension scheme.
Here you can find answers to the following questions.
- Do I need to provide a workplace pension scheme?
- What is auto-enrolment?
- Who contributes to a workplace pension scheme?
- How do I set up and manage a workplace pension scheme?
- What are the pros and cons of using NEST?
- What are multi-employer pension schemes?
- How do I set up my workplace pension scheme?
Do I need to provide a workplace pension scheme?
If you have any employees aged between 22 and the State Pension age, earning at least £10,000 per year, you must offer them a workplace pension scheme. This applies to all UK-based employees – both those who normally work in the UK, and those who travel abroad for work but are still resident in the UK.
What is auto-enrolment?
All qualifying employees must be enrolled in your pension scheme by default. Employees have the right to opt out, but this must be their own decision and you are not allowed to pressure them to do so.
An employee may have a good reason to opt out if they have already saved close to the lifetime allowance, as exceeding this might give them a large tax bill. Otherwise, you should encourage all your staff to remain enrolled in the scheme if possible. Anyone who does choose to opt out can still join it at any time, and you must re-enrol staff every three years to encourage maximum take-up of the scheme.
Who must contribute to a workplace pension?
As an employer you must contribute to your employees’ pensions, and each employee must also pay in to their pension. The current minimum levels for contributions are 3 per cent by the employer and 5 per cent by the employee.
How do I provide a workplace pension scheme?
When it comes to providing a pension scheme for your employees, you have a number of options. You could use the government’s own scheme (NEST), another multi-employer pension scheme, or set up your own bespoke scheme. Each option has pros and cons, so it’s important to find the option that offers the best fit for you, your business and your people. A financial adviser can help you weigh up the alternatives to find the right one.
If you employ only a few staff, the simplest solution may be to use the government’s NEST (National Employment Savings Trust) pension scheme. That said, there’s no limit to how many employees you can enrol in NEST, and you might choose it regardless of the size of your business.
The main advantages of NEST are:
- Simplicity – it’s quick to set up and easy for your payroll to use
- No employer charges (at present)
- Diversity-friendly (e.g. communications are available in a range of languages)
- Good customer support
- Government backing
Possible disadvantages include:
- Employee charges may work out a bit steeper, with a 1.8 per cent charge on each contribution (though the Annual Management Charge of 0.3 per cent is low)
- Limited flexibility – investment choices are restricted
- Few retirement options (most employees will want to transfer to another scheme on retirement)
Broadly, from an employer’s perspective NEST may offer a very competitive and low-cost pension scheme with minimal hassle. Talk to your financial adviser and/or accountant about this option, which you can set up here.
Multi-employer pension schemes
NEST is one example of a multi-employer pension scheme, but there are many others. These are managed by private pension providers, and – as the name indicates – each of these schemes will be used by a number of different employers. The range of employers using a particular multi-employer scheme may be quite diverse; however, they will usually be broadly similar in terms of things like size and turnover.
One of the key criteria to consider is the employer charge: how much does the scheme charge you for using it? Sometimes this will be a percentage, sometimes it will be a flat fee, and sometimes there will be no employer charge at all (which is good for you, but your staff may end up paying more). Make sure the charging structure is a good fit for the size and nature of your business.
When choosing a multi-employer scheme, one way is to look at companies that are similar to your own and see what pension schemes they are using. You can then look into these schemes to see what their main features are, which should give you an idea of what to look for.
An even simpler way is to ask a financial adviser who specialises in advising businesses on employee benefits.
Bespoke pension schemes
If you can’t find a multi-employer scheme that satisfies you, a bespoke scheme may be an option. Generally these are only used by bigger companies with large numbers of staff and very specific requirements, but if you’re curious to explore your options, a specialist financial adviser can explain them.
What to do when setting up a workplace pension scheme
- Make sure staff can be enrolled in time
If you are setting up a new business, or about to take on staff for the first time, you should ideally ensure that your pension scheme is ready to go from the date your first employee starts work. If this isn’t practical, then for new businesses there is a three month grace period for you to get your scheme set up.
- Choose a scheme
Consider carefully what benefits you want from your pension scheme, and shop around to find the most suitable one to support your business goals.
- Write to staff
You must notify all eligible employees that they have been enrolled in a pension scheme – you can find template letters here.
- Set up employer and employee contributions
Decide how much you want to contribute as an employer, and arrange for employee contributions to be taken out of staff wages. Payroll software can handle both of these automatically – discuss this with your accountant.
- Notify the Pensions Regulator
No later than five months after enrolling your first member of staff, you must inform the Pensions Regulator that you have set up your scheme, and confirm that it is compliant. You can do this online here.
- Ensure that all new staff are automatically enrolled
It’s a good idea to provide pension scheme information in each new employee’s welcome pack. And remember, being able to boast about your excellent pension scheme in the interview is a great way to attract the best people.
If you found this article useful, you might also find our article on what to do if your employer hasn't paid your pension contributions informative, too.